JPEG Image Coding Standard

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JPEG is the informal name of a joint ISO/CCITT technical committee ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG10, which grew out of the Ad-Hoc group known as the Joint Photographic Experts Group of ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG8 in 1990. This group defined the international standard laid out in the document ISO/IEC IS 10918-1 for which the acronym JPEG has been informally adopted as the name. JPEG defines a syntax, set of requirements for and implementation guides for a number of image coding/decoding algorithms designed for compressing still images of either full-color or gray-scale images of natural, real-world scenes. The standard was completed in 1993 and has been widely adopted internationally. [1][2]